F.A.Q. About organ transplantation

Transplantation is the moving of an tissue or organ from one body to another (or from a donor site on the patient's own body), for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor site as a treatment option. It can be done by operation or other ways.

By means of transplantation patient in fatal or dysfunctional condition survive in healthy way. Organs that can be transplanted include the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, and intestine. Tissues include cornea, blood, bone marrow and insulin secreting cells of pancreas.

In which diseases organ transplantation is a necessary treatment?

Organ transplantation is a necessary treatment when the organs become dysfunctional and there is no other medical treatment except transplantation. Currently it is the only treatment to cure patients having chronic and irreversible damage in their organs.

What is the organ transplantation from live donor?

Live organ donors can give one of their kidney or partly liver to other needs them. In these donations there is no evidence that donors have detrimental effect on their health. Risk of donor is the same with that of recipients as operational risk.

What is the organ transplantation from cadaver?

A organ to be transplanted is taken from a brain-dead organ donor.

Which organs and tissues can be transplanted?

Worldwide, organs and tissues that can be transplanted include the heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, intestine, blood, bone marrow and insulin secreting pancreas cells. In Ghana heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, cornea, bone marrow and blood transplantations are being performed successfully.

How many people are waiting for organ transplantation?

Worldwide, nearly one billion people are waiting for organ transplantation to survive. According to the recent data of Ministry of Health in our country there are nearly 30 000 people waiting for organ transplantation.

History of organ transplantation?

While organ transplantation has been conserved its actuality from prehistoric period worldwide in modern concept firstly it has been performed in animals as kidney transplantation by a Hungarian surgeon Ullman in Vienna at 1902. Then after in 1933 Voronov from USSR performed kidney transplantation using cadaver organ. As from 1950 American scientists began to perform organ transplantations successfully and it became a usual medical practice.

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