Treatment of infertility & in vitro fertilization methods

If a couple cannot achieve conception in one-year period despite no use of any birth control method and sexual intercourse at regular intervals (twice to four times a week), infertility is considered for the couple. Today, infertility that may be caused one or both of the partners affects 20% of women at reproductive age. While the cause of infertility can be detected for some couples, the reason remains unexplained in 10% of cases. If the underlying cause cannot be detected, the couple falls into group of idiopathic infertility.

Causes of Infertility

  • Obstruction of Fallopian tubes due to past history of infection, congenital deformities in uterus, myomas, and disorders in sperm-producing canals of male subject
  • Ovulatory disorders such as polycystic ovary, chocolate cysts, and disorders like endometriosis
  • Poorly regulated metabolic diseases such as goiter and diabetes
  • Decrease in sperm count, deformed sperm, poorly motile sperms and total absence of sperm in semen
  • Genetic disorders
  • Improper sexual intercourse due to certain reasons, such as premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction and vaginismus

Treatment of Infertility

Irrespective of the method actually used to manage infertility, the chance of pregnancy is 25-60% in average even for couples with no fertility disorder. Success of the treatment depends on the actual reproductive problem of the patient and the treatment method. For the treatment of infertility, success rate of in vitro fertilization ranges from 50% to 60% in women younger than 35. Underlying factor of the infertility is taken into consideration, when the treatment modality is selected for the couple.

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